How to use PDO to read data from the database?

Reading data from the database is not so different than inserting data, with steps 1 to 5 being almost identical while the sixth step is different.

1) Write the regular select statement and again, instead of values, put named placeholders. For example:
$sql = "SELECT * FROM users";
2) Prepare the query:
$query = $dbh -> prepare($sql);
3) Execute the query:
$query -> execute();
4) Assign the data which you pulled from the database (in the preceding step) to a variable.
$results = $query -> fetchAll(PDO::FETCH_OBJ);
Here I used the parameter PDO::FETCH_OBJ that returns the fetched data as an object. If you’d like to fetch the data in the form of an array, use: PDO::FETCH_ASSOC. 5) Make sure that you were able to retrieve the data from the database, by counting the number of records.
if($query -> rowCount() > 0){}
6) In case that the query returned at least one record, we can echo the records within a foreach loop:
if($query -> rowCount() > 0)
{
foreach($results as $result)
{
echo $result -> name . ", ";
echo $result -> city . ", ";
echo $result -> date_added;
}
}
All code together now:
$sql = "SELECT * FROM users WHERE city = :city";
$query = $dbh -> prepare($sql);
$query -> bindParam(':city', $city, PDO::PARAM_STR);
$city = "New York";
$query -> execute();
$results = $query -> fetchAll(PDO::FETCH_OBJ);
if($query -> rowCount() > 0)
{
foreach($results as $result)
{
echo $result -> name . ", ";
echo $result -> city . ", ";
echo $result -> date_added;
}
}
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Anuj Kumar

This is Anuj Kumar. I’m a professional web developer with 4+ year experience. I write blogs in my free time. I love to learn new technologies and share with others.
I founded PHPGurukul in September 2015. The main aim of this website to provide PHP, Jquery, MySQL, PHP Oops and other web development tutorials.
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