Array in PHP

Written by Anuj kumar

An array is a group of the same data type which is used to store multiple values in a single variable. In an array each data item is referenced by its name and a number that is called a subscript. The elements of an array are accessed by specifying a subscript after the array variable name. The first element of an array has a subscript of 0, the next is 1, and so on. The last element has a subscript of n-1, where n is the number of elements.

Types of Array

There are three types of arrays in PHP, which are as follows:

  •  Numeric Index Array
  • Associative Array
  • Multidimensional Array

Numeric Index Array

A numeric index array stores each array element with a numeric index i.e. subscript. In a numeric indexed array, the keys are numeric and starts with subscript of 0, the next is 1, and so on. Numeric indexed arrays use integer/numbers as their index number to identify each item of the array.

Syntax of Numeric Index Array

There are two ways to define the numeric index array in PHP.

Which are as follows:
1. $arrayname =array (“value1″,”value2″,”value3”);
2. $arrayname[0]=”value1″;







Associative Array

An Associative array also is a type of array by which you can assign an arbitrary key to every value. In an associative array, each key is associated with a value. With associative arrays we can use the values as keys and assign values to them. In an associative array, the keys are not necessarily numeric, and even when they are numeric, not necessarily in any order.

Syntax of Associative Array

There are two ways for defining the associative array in PHP. Which are as follows:
1. $arrayname = array (“value”=>20, “value2″<=30, “value3″=>40);
2. $arrayname[‘value1’] = “20”;
$arrayname[‘value2’] = “30”;
$arrayname[‘value3’] = “40”;







Multidimensional Array

A Multidimensional array is also known as a two-dimensional array. A Multidimensional array is an array of arrays i.e. each element in the main array can also be an array. And each element in the sub-array can be an array, and so on. A multidimensional array is an array of arrays, which means that the array can contain arrays within itself. If an array element value is another array then this is a multidimensional array.

Syntax of Multidimensional Array
$arrayname = array ($array1, $array2, $array3) ;






About the author

Anuj kumar

I'm Anuj kumar a web developer with 4+ year experience .I write blogs in my free time. I love to learn new technologies and share with others. I founded PHPGurukul in September 2015. The main aim of this website to is provide php , jquery , mysql , phpoops and other web development tutorials. I am trying best effort to make PHPGurukul useful for every single moment spend on this website. If you think this website is useful to visit please share with your friend and buddies.